The Supreme Court has instructed that a "search incident to arrest authorizes the police to conduct 'a full search of the person.'" U.S. v. Robinson, 414 U.S. 218 (1973). However, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals has noted that visual body cavity searches are among the most intrusive of searches and the Supreme Court did not hold that all searches incident to arret are per se reasonable. What to do? Ah, yes, bring in the balancing test. The CCA has provided, based in its interpretation of Supreme Court precedent, that the following four factors are to be considered in determining the reasonableness of a search:
- The scope of the particular intrusion;
- The manner in which it is conducted;
- The justification for initiating it; and
- The place in which it is conducted.
I left a lot of good stuff out, but you can read more about this case HERE.